Federal Judicial Service Commission and its functions are given in this article and we hope you find it both informative and helpful to your research.
All the states that make up the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 came together to give their full consent to a set of laws that gave very clear power and guideline to the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial arms of Government.
The laws which are commonly known as the constitution also gave the power for the creation of the Federal Judicial Service Commission and gave roles and responsibilities to them.
So many statutory regulations that guide the Judiciary system of the country are built upon the structures that are formulated by the British Commonwealth.
The British government works specifically under a mutual law system and it is with the same guidelines that those who wrote the constitution of Nigeria adopted and used in writing the constitution just so that it can favor the common Nigerian.
Although there is a common and general law in the country, some recent laws have been taken on from today’s English legislation on both State and Federal levels.
In addition to this, so much of the ranking of the court system of Nigeria is based upon the concepts that have already been used in countries like England.
Ever since 1999 in Nigeria, the Judicial system of the country has continued to experience growth and improvement.
Written laws in the lower courts have transcended and have been written into federal laws to make sure that the judicial system works in the very efficient and comprehensible way possible.
Whatever happens in the Judicial system is always studied and debated in order to create new laws by which each state in the country is governed.
It is also important to note that before any law can become federal law, the supreme court of Nigeria always ratifies any new regulation first before making it a part of the Federal Legislation officially.
The court system of Nigeria often starts with many local and district courts and it continues with lower and high courts and then gets to the peak with the Supreme Court of Nigeria.
As far as the Nigerian Judicial system is concerned, all other courts follow whatever judgment the Supreme Court passes, and no other court within the country has the power to overrule their judgments.
The Federal Judicial Service Commission is made up of the following persons as members:
- The Chief Justice of Nigeria (being the chairman);
- The President of the Court of Appeal;
- The Attorney General of Nigeria the Federation;
- The Chief Judge of the Federal High Court;
- The President of the National Industrial Court.
Two people, that has thoroughly been qualified to have practiced as Legal Practitioners in the country for not less than a period of fifteen years, from a list of not less than four persons that meets the requirements and are recommended by the Nigerian Bar Association; and
Two other people, who are not Legal Practitioners, but who in the opinion of the President are of unquestionable character.
Functions of Federal Judicial Service Commission
The Functions of the Federal Judicial Service Commission as distinctively written out in paragraph 13 Section 1 of the Third Schedule of the 1999 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria States that the commission has the authority to:
1. Give counsel to the National Judicial Council in nominating people for appointment to the following delicate offices;
- Chief Justice of Nigeria;
- Justice of the Supreme Court;
- President of the Court of Appeal;
- Chief Judge of the Federal High Court;
- President of the National Industrial Court;
- Judge of the National Industrial Court; and
- The chairman and members of the Code of Conduct Tribunal.
2. Give recommendations to the National Judicial Council for the ejection of any of the Judicial officers that are mentioned in the paragraph above.
3. Give appointment, dismissal, and also mete out disciplinary control upon the Chief Registrars and Deputy Chief Registrars of the Supreme Court, National Industrial Court, Federal High Court, Court of Appeal as well as all other members of staff of the Judicial Service of the country that has not been otherwise specified in the constitution of the Federal Judicial Service Commission.