Here are some basic facts you may need to know about Bauchi State. Basal Historical and present day verities of the State are briefly incorporated herein.
Bauchi State which has its capital seat in the city of Bauchi was created in February 1976 when the North-Eastern state got broken up. Because the state capital seat is in Bauchi, people call it Bauchi State when referring to the entire state, and just Bauchi when referring to the state Capital.
State originally included the area that is now known as Gombe State. Gombe became a distinct state in 1996.
The state shares boundary with seven other states in the Nigeria, Kano and Jigawa states to the north, Taraba and Plateau States to the south, Gombe and Yobe States to the east and then Kaduna State to the west.
Bauch State represents about 5.3% a total land mass of Nigeria and has its location between latitudes 9° 3′ and 12° 3′ north and longitude 8° 50′ and 11° east. The total land area occupied by the State is 49,119 km2 (18,965 sq mi).
The state is located in the Northern part of the country and it spans two distinctive vegetation zones which include the Sudan Savanna and Sahel Savanna.
According to the tradition of the land, Bauchi State was named after a brave hunter known as Baushe who lived in the region before the arrival of Yakubu who is known to be the first traditional ruler of Bauchi emirate that was founded in 1800–10.
The name Bauchi in Hausa language means the land of freedom and tourism. The duo States of Bauchi and Adamawa were the main sources of freedom and tourism for the Fulani Empire of Sokoto.
Bauchi State has 55 tribal groups in total. The main tribes are Gerawa, Sayawa, Jarawa, Kirfawa, Turawa, Karekare, Bolewa, Kanuri, Butawa, Fa’awa, Warjawa, Boyawa, Zulawa, MBadawa, Hausa and Fulani.
The people and tribes of Bauchi State have their own unique occupational patterns, beliefs, backgrounds, and other things that make up part of their existence.
Local Government Areas in Bauchi State
The State has a total number of 20 Local Government Areas:
- Tafawa Balewa
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Mohammed Abdullahi Abubakar is the Governor of Bauchi State and his deputy is Audu Sule Katagum both from the All Progressive Congress (APC).
Economy/Agriculture in Bauchi State
There is a high interest for agriculture in the state, in fact, Bauchi State can boldly be called an Agricultural State. The State has a vast fertile soil for agricultural products such as maize, rice, millet, groundnut, guinea corn, etc.
Irrigation Farming is the kind of farming practiced in the State and this is supported by the use of dams such as Balanga dam, etc. The people also practice livestock farming such as cattle rearing.
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Tourism in Bauchi State
The state is a blessed state in terms of tourism. It has many tourist attractions. Bauchi State is the home of the game called Yankari Game reserve.
Yankari Game is the biggest game reserve in West Africa. The State also has Rock Paintings at Goji and Shira, the state Museum, etc.