Basic Things to Know About Adamawa State are highlighted herein. You will find this helpful for your research. Happy reading!
Adamawa State is in the Northeastern part of Nigeria with Yola as its capital.
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In 1991, Taraba State was carved out of Gongola state and the geographical entity Gongola was renamed as Adamawa State. It had four administrative divisions namely: Adamawa, Ganye, Mubi, and Numan.
Before Adamawa became a state, it was a subordinate kingdom in Sokoto Sultanate which also included much of Northern Cameroon. The state was named after the founder of the kingdom, Modibo Adama, a regional leader of the Fulani Jihad that was formed by Usman Dan Fodio of Sokoto in 1804.
Adamawa is bordered by the states of Borno to the northwest, to the west by Gombe, and to the southwest by Taraba. The eastern border of Adamawa forms the National eastern border with Cameroon. Adamawa is one of the largest states in Nigeria, it occupies about 36,917 square kilometers.
Adamawa is topographically a mountainous land crossed by large river valleys; Benue, Gongola, and Yedsarem.
The valleys of Mount Cameroon, Mandara Mountains, and Adamawa Plateau form part of the landscape.
Local Government Areas in Adamawa State
Adamawa State has a total of twenty-one (21) Local Government Areas, namely:
- Mubi North
- Mubi South
- Yola North
- Yola South (State capital)
The Present Governor of Adamawa is Gov. Bindo Jibrilla from the APC. He was sworn into office on May 29, 2019. His tenure shall expire on May 29, 2019.
The people of Adamawa have Farming as their main occupation. This is reflected in the two notable vegetational zones of the state; the Sub-Sudan and Northern Guinea Savanna zones.
The major crops in the state are cotton and groundnuts while food crops include maize, yam, cassava, guinea corn, millet, and rice.
Some of the communities living on the bank of the rivers engage in fishing while the Fulanis involve themselves in cattle rearing. There are numerous roads in the state linking all parts of the country.
Emirs of Adamawa
Emirs of Adamawa from inception have included:
- Modibbo Adama ben Hassan, 1809–1848
- Lawalu ben Adama, 1848–1872 (son of the previous)
- Sanda ben Adama, 1872–1890 (brother of the previous)
- Zubayru ben Adama, 1890–1901 (brother of the previous)
- Bobbo Ahmadu ben Adama, 1901–1909 (brother of the previous)
- Iya ben Sanda, 1909–1910 (son of Sanda ben Adama)
- Muhammadu Abba, 1910–1924 (son of Bobbo Ahmadu ben Adama)
- Muhammadu Bello ben Ahmadu ben Hamidu ben Adamu, 1924–1928
- Mustafa ben Muhammadu Abba, 1928–1946 (son of Muhammadu Abba)
- Ahmadu ben Muhammadu Bello, 1946–1953
- Aliyu Mustafa, 1953–2010
- Muhammadu Barkindo Aliyu Musdafa, 2011–present
Notable people in Adamawa State:
- Abubakar Saleh Michika
- Bamanga Tukur
- Mohammed Bello
- Atiku Abubakar
- Murtala Nyako
- Boni Haruna
- Babachir David Lawal
- Nuhu Ribadu
- Buba Marwa
- Aisha Buhari
- Binta Masi Garba
- Alex Badeh
- Ibrahim Lamorde
- Ahmed Hassan Barata
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Influence of Islamist Insurgency on the state
Adamawa state has been muchly influenced by the Islamist Insurgency in Nigeria. Since November 30, 2014, people have fled their homes in search of safety especially internally displaced persons from places like Mubi, Madagali, Askira, Uba, Bama, and Gwoza fleeing the attacks of Boko Haram in the states of Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe.
A measles outbreak was reported in the camps of internally displaced persons in January 2015.
The United States Agency for International Development has pledged to provide continuing humanitarian assistance to help the people affected by Boko Haram Insurgency, especially the internally displaced persons.