7 Requirements for Poultry Farming offers you the cogent steps you need to take to start poultry farming in Nigeria, your amount of money notwithstanding.
- Get a Business Location
- Acquire a Land
- Construct Your Poultry House
- Purchase of poultry equipment
- Purchase Poultry Feeds
- Purchase the Birds
- Purchase Medication
Poultry is domestic birds such as chickens, turkeys, geese, and ducks. Poultry farming, on the other hand, is the process of rearing or nursing poultry.
Poultry Farming is one of the most lucrative businesses you can ever think of in Nigeria. When poultry is managed appropriately, there is profit maximization.
To date, a large quantity of poultry products is imported into the country. But, these importations and home products are not sufficient enough to curb the thirst for poultry products by the market/consumers.
This is why the poultry farming business proffers one of the legal opportunities for entrepreneurs to make good money within a short time limit.
Before going into poultry farming, you need to determine the breed of birds you intend to rearing.
Poultry farming goes beyond growing birds. It covers a range of meat production (Broilers), egg production (layers), meat, feed production, medicinal production, chicken raising, equipment production, and lots more.
It is important to always start with the little you have, and over time grow exponentially because, you need to understand the perks in the business, without losing so much money.
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The following are the steps you need to take to start poultry farming in Nigeria:
1. Get a Business Location
It is important to know that the location of your poultry farm is extremely important.
Governments do not permit large-scale poultry farming in urban areas owing to the health implications. Therefore, you need to place your poultry farm in rural/developing areas.
The size of poultry farms determines how they turn out to be. The location must not be too far from cities for ease of transportation and exposure to potential buyers. Also, pick an area with a good road network to the urban environment and market.
2. Acquire a Land
Get land in that non-residential /developing environment you have located. It is advisable necessary that you acquire land of your own. Lands are cheaper in rural/developing environments.
So please you need to buy/lease land for use. Also, ensure there is the availability of water on your land to maintain proper poultry hygiene.
3. Construct Your Poultry House
A poultry farming house is where the birds are kept. The poultry housing system is highly significant to the success of your poultry farm.
The type of poultry housing system you implement could determine how productive and healthy your poultry birds/products would be.
There are three types of poultry farming housing systems. These are:
a. Free Roam
Here, the chicks are allowed to roam about feeding themselves. This system is not right for anyone who wants to maximize profit for wide-scale commercial use because the birds could go missing and hungry (owing to low supervision).
b. Battery Cage
This explains the system where the birds are kept in cages. This system is highly organized and more effective in managing poultry.
In this system, the birds have access to feed and water troughs from time to time. The cages are separated into compartments and create a perfect environment for laying eggs.
c. Deep Litter
This is a system in which saw-dust is usually poured on the ground over a wide area in order to make cleaning the poultry easy.
The farmer adds a new layer of saw-dust from time to time for poultry bird bedding. The major difficulty of this system is managing disease outbreaks.
Construction of poultry shelter entails laborers and carpenters, clearing and constructing a shelter on the land respectively. Some materials needed for the house construction may include; planks, zinc, wire net bundles, nails, etc.
4. Purchase of poultry equipment
Poultry farming equipment such as Egg trays, feeders, drinking troughs, lighting systems, nests, crates, incubators, heaters, waste disposal systems, and lots more are to be bought to ensure proper poultry management. Ensure these equipment are of a quality to avoid easy damage by the birds.
5. Purchase Poultry Feeds
No living organism survives without food. The poultry feeds are the most important determinant of their survival and healthy living. Feeding accounts for over 70% of all total expenditure incurred in the running of your business.
When your poultry grows to a large scale, you can work towards setting up a feed manufacturing plant. This will help you cut down expenses of buying poultry feeds, and as well as supply other poultry Farmers’ feeds thereby making more profit. But for a start, buying your feed is best and economical.
6. Purchase the Birds
Since poultry feeds, housing and equipment are ready, you can go ahead to purchase the birds. Please ensure birds are bought from reliable sources with no disease/infections.
7. Purchase Medication
The overall well-being of the birds is important. Periodic purchase of vaccines and medications is highly essential to ensure the healthy state of poultry birds.
Healthy birds produce healthy eggs and attract a good price for sale. Medications such as Vitamin, Antibiotics, and Dewormer are administered to the birds from time to time.
Such medications are added to their water. This will help them remain strong, healthy, and resilient to diseases/adverse weather conditions thereby making them productive at a high rate to make you maximize your profit.
Once you’ve successfully completed the 7 steps above, your poultry farm is ready for efficient day-to-day running.
Ensure you monitor the birds and supervise the farm yourself for a start to help you be more conversant with the business.
We hope this was helpful to you!