Step To Step Guide To Start Tomatoes Farming

Filed in Agriculture, Business Ideas by on May 11, 2020 0 Comments

This article is aimed at bringing to your perusal the step to step procedures involved in starting a successful tomato farming from beginning to end.

Tomato is a vegetable that is widely consumed in Nigeria, and globally. Its significance to human health cannot be overemphasized.

Read Also: Step to Step Guide on How to Start Onion Farming

Step To Step Guide To Start Tomatoes Farming

Tomatoes Farming Business – Photo Source: http://www.talklocal.com

This attractive fruit berry is an excellent source of antioxidants, which help to fight against cancerous growth. It is also a rich source of vitamin C, vitamin E, beta-carotene, and lots more.

Tomatoes demand fertile loamy soil, sunlight, and consistent water for optimal growth. Therefore, can be planted anywhere in the country.

In Nigeria, a large sum of tomatoes consumed is from the North, where the irrigation system is being adapted to supply water to crops consistently. Tomatoes farming is an extremely lucrative business because Nigerians eat tomatoes every day.

This berry is consumed fresh, boiled, fried, and tinned. It is used in producing tomato paste, ketchup, and tomato juice and added as an ingredient in virtually all meals we eat. Such as; stew, soup, omelet, rice, salad, portage, etc.

Tomatoes farming is much more rewarding than you could ever imagine. Ever considered venturing into this business?

Read Also: Step to Step Guide on Garden Egg Farming

Here is a step to step guide on how to start a successful tomatoes farming business:

1. Land preparation for your tomatoes farming 

Purchase or lease a land preferably with fertile black loamy soil. Divide land portion into a nursery bed and main field for transplant.

Prepare the ground by clearing grasses/debris and loosening the soil with hand trowel and hoes. Also, soil pH should be within the range of 6-7.  Use NPK fertilizer to boost soil fertility.

Lastly, it is very important to treat soil with insecticides and fungicides to avoid pest and diseases attack on your crop. This is because vegetables hardly survive when infected with diseases. Therefore, prevention is better than cure.

2. Selection of tomato Species for your tomatoes farming

It is highly essential to plant good seeds. Whatever you sow you’ll reap. Choose a good tomato species with improved high yield quality. Do not plant the local species.

The Roma tomato is recommendable for planting in Nigeria. It is commonly used in producing canned tomatoes and tomato paste owing to its redness.

This tomato species is known distinctively for its low water content and tough epicarp, which enables it not to perish easily like other species such as cherry.

Read Also: Step to Step Guide to Start Groundnut Farm

3. Plant Seeds in Nursery Bed for a proper tomatoes farming

Planting seeds is best done at the beginning of the raining season around April. Spread seeds on the soil. It is advisable to cover the soil with dry grasses to prevent soil loss of moisture, and seeds being eaten by birds.

Also, Remove grasses at about 12-14 days to allow proper growth, and note that planting should be done in cool weather, preferably early morning or evening.

4. Transplanting

Transplanting is carried out after 6 weeks of seed growth on nursery beds. At this point, you transfer seedlings to the main field you have prepared.

Transplanting of tomato seedlings should be done the same day they are uprooted from the nursery bed to prevent dehydration.

Tomato seedlings are very fragile and tender. Therefore, should be handled with care. Open the soil with a small knife or cutlass, insert the seedling into the hole and cover with soil.

Read Also: 7 Step to Step Guide on How to Start Cucumber Farming Business

5. Weed Control and Mulching

Weeding is carried out after 8 weeks of transplant. It is essential to weed in order to prevent unhealthy competition of unwanted grasses with tomatoes plant for soil nutrient, space, water, and lots more.

Also, it is essential to mulch because tomatoes grow well on wet soil (needs moisture). Mulching will help reduce sunlight rays, conserve soil nutrients, and keep the soil cool for optimal growth of tomatoes.

6. Fertilizer Application and consistent watering

To get a good harvest, it is highly essential to fertilize your crop and water them from time to time.

NPK fertilizer can be applied to help replenish soil nutrients taken by the weeds, and help boost your tomato growth.

7. Harvesting

Once tomato starts bringing forth fruits, it keeps producing till dry season when the plant dies off owing to the heat. This means when you start harvesting, you harvest till the end of the season. The first harvest starts within the first three months of planting.

Read Also: Step to Step Guide on How to Start Poultry Farming in Nigeria

8. Marketing

Tomatoes are widely consumed in Nigeria. Therefore, locating buyers isn’t a challenge. Tomato is a perishable product.

This is why it is advisable to look for potential buyers/markets before harvesting, so as not to run into a loss or reduce the quality of your product owing to late patronage.

Let us know if this was helpful!

Tags: ,

About the Author ()

I am Wisdom Enang; a Writer, Editor, and Publisher. To do businesses with us, reach us on our email or connect with me personally by clicking on Facebook.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *