The 10 Poorest States in Nigeria

Filed in Geographical Area by on May 16, 2020 0 Comments

This article is written to bring to your knowledge and perusal the 10 poorest states in Nigeria, according to the most recent statistics.

In some parts of Nigeria, poverty is at a high rate as a result of economic decay and other prevailing factors. Recent rankings had revealed that Sokoto leads the train of the 10 poorest States in Nigeria and so, we will be laying emphasis on Sokoto state.

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The 10 Poorest States in Nigeria

The 10 Poorest States in Nigeria – Photo Source:

Nigeria, being the giant of Africa and believed to be the best economy in Africa is blessed with diverse natural resources like crude oil, human labour and fertile land for agriculture.

These natural endowments are domiciled in some parts of the country, with some parts left with little or nothing.

Even with this, the proceeds from crude oil, agriculture and entrepreneurship are enough to uplift the economies of these states to some extent.

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It is pitiable that there are yet some states whose economy are in comatose like Sokoto state with 81.2% poverty rate.

A body is known as The Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) revealed that 26.6 per cent of Nigeria’s over 170 million people are destitute, while 68.0 per cent and 84.5 per cent of the Nigerian population living below $1.25 per day and $2 per day.

The Northern part of Nigeria takes the lead in the average poverty rate of states in the country with North-West geopolitical zone clinching the top spot at 71.4 per cent followed by North-East 69.1 per cent and North Central, 60.7 per cent.

The six states in the South-West recorded an average poverty rate of 49.8 per cent, followed by South-South, 55.5 per cent and South-East, 59.5 per cent.

The National Bureau of Statistics, an agency that oversees and publishes statistics in Nigeria, recently released the ranking of top 10 states as the poorest States in Nigeria with over 70 per cent poverty rate.

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The following are the 10 poorest States in Nigeria

  1. Sokoto State (82.1 %)
  2. Katsina State (74.5 %)
  3. Adamawa State (74.2 %)
  4. Gombe State (74.2 %)
  5. Jigawa State (74.1 %)
  6. Plateau State (74.1 %)
  7. Ebonyi State (73.6 %)
  8. Bauchi State (73 %)
  9. Kebbi State (72 %)
  10. Zamfara State (70.8 %)

The major causes of poverty in Nigeria are the growing rate of unemployment, corruption on the path of leaders and lack of interest in entrepreneurship by citizens, etc.

The statistical distribution of Nigeria was rated medium, at 0.43 in 2010. Howbeit, there are more rural poor than urban poor.  This is compared between infrastructure and amenities.

This is occasioned by the composition of Nigeria’s economy, especially the energy (oil) and agricultural sectors.

Oil exports contribute immensely to government revenues; it contributes 9% to the GDP and employs only a fraction of the population.

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Agriculture, on the other hand, contributes to about 17% of GDP and employs about 30% of the population.

This correspondence is compounded by the fact that oil revenue is poorly distributed among the population, with higher government spending in urban areas than rural areas. High rates of unemployment render personal incomes even more divergent.

More so, the process of oil extraction has resulted in significant pollution, which has further harmed the agricultural sector.

We hope this was helpful!

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