How to Produce Fish Feed in Nigeria

Filed in Agriculture, Production/Manufacturing by on April 8, 2019 0 Comments

How to Produce Fish Feed in Nigeria will be explained in this article. This will guide you in the production of your fish feed.

Nigeria is a nation blessed with large water bodies passing through all the states of the federation. Majority of the populace consume fish in some quantity which varies based on the availability of water bodies in their community.

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How to Produce Fish Feed in Nigeria

How to Produce Fish Feed in Nigeria – Photo Source: http://ajanlafarm.com

Fish is known to be a very rich source of protein. This has been a major source of protein to those in the lower class of the society.

Due to the high rate of the consumption of fish in Nigeria, many persons ventured into the rearing of fish in Nigeria.

Catfish is the most common breed of fish reared in Nigeria. Fish production is a very lucrative business with high profit margin.

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It is one of the less risky agricultural businesses in Nigeria. But one of the challenges faced by the fish farmers is non-availability and high cost of feed. This leads to how fish feed can be produced in Nigeria.

How to Produce Fish Feed in Nigeria

Fish feed ingredients

Just like other animals, fish requires a feed formula that contains protein, carbohydrates, lipids, minerals and vitamins for healthy growth.

Fish requires mostly protein in their feed. The major ingredients used for fish feed production include:

  1. Rice Bran: The bran layer and germ of rice is rich in fat, and is good for fish food.
  2. Fish Meal: It is produced by cooking fish, rolling and pressing to remove water and oil, and then drying. This ingredient is responsible for the protein supplementation in the fish feed.
  3. Soy bean Meal: This is the major source of protein in the fish feed formulation, it is especially high in essential amino acids, it is palatable and can easily be digested by fish.
  4. Groundnut Cake: This can be included in place of soyabean in the feed. It supplies amino acids.
  5. Cottonseed Meal: It is highly palatable and contains about 40% protein.
  6. Maize: This is the major source of carbohydrate in the fish feed formulation and accounts for up to 30% of the total diet.

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Other ingredients include: wheat offal, vitamins, growth boosters, crayfish dust, cassava, palm oil, eggs, salt etc.

Feed Formulation Procedure:

These ingredients are used based on the feed formula chosen. Depending on the kind of feed required, pelleting or extrusion can be used.

The process whereby food ingredients are forced to flow under conditions of mixing, hearing and heating, through a die that forms the ingredient is known as Feed extrusion.

Extruded floating feeds are favoured by farmers in Nigeria because they allow observation of the feeding processing thereby preventing wasteful feeding.

If it is done by pelletizing, the pellets sink rapidly when thrown into the pond, pollutes the water and crumbles, thus leading to wasteful feeding.

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Here are Guides on How to Produce Fish Feed in Nigeria

  1. These ingredients are mixed in their right proportion by a feed mixing machine.
  2. It is then transferred to a feed pelleting machine which cuts the feed into desired sizes.
  3. The feed is then dried using a feed drier.
  4. Once properly dried, it is stored in a cool and dry place to avoid damping of the feed which may infect the feed and render it no longer useful.

The summary of the process is as follows:

Fish feed grinding – Feed mixing – Feed extrusion – pellet drying – oil spraying and pellet cooling and packing.

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Anyone can produce Fish Feed with the knowledge provide above. Challenges in making feeds in Nigeria are not in sourcing the ingredients but on the techniques involved in formulation and processing, but has been x-rayed above.

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