How to Start Beans Farming is aimed at bringing to your perusal the step-to-step procedures involved in starting Beans Farming from beginning to end.
- Land Selection and Preparation
- Planting of Beans
- Seed Selection for Beans Farming
- Fertilizer Application for a healthy Beans Farming
- Weeding to ensure a healthy Beans farming
- Pests and Diseases Control
- Marketing and Storage
Beans are from the Fabaceae family and are classified as leguminous crops. They grow in pods with several beans inside, and these pods develop from flowers.
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Beans are widely consumed in Nigeria. Yet, produced in low quantity compared to the quantity consumed.
Most of the beans consumed in Nigeria are imported from Niger Republic. Furthermore, Beans require moderate rainfall for their cultivation.
Hence, it is mostly cultivated in the southeastern and western parts of Nigeria. Beans are a very good source of protein, vitamins, and fiber. It is highly beneficial to human health.
Beans help stabilize blood glucose levels, lowers body cholesterol, reduce cancerous growth, prevent fatty liver, control appetite, and lots more.
Engaging in food farming like beans farming which demand is very high, could be more lucrative than you could ever imagine.
Ever considered venturing into Beans Farming?
How to Start Beans Farming:
1. Land Selection and Preparation
Beans are sensitive to salt. Therefore, avoid the salty area. Acquire land with suitable climate conditions.
Beans don’t grow well with too much water/soil moisture. They require a moderate but well-distributed rainfall of about 300mm to 400 mm per cycle.
Although climbing species yield well in areas with high rainfall, the dwarf species repel high soil moisture.
Choose a fertile loamy soil type with a pH level ranging between 6.7-7.0. Weed and remove debris from the land and apply compost manure to boost soil fertility. Expose soil to sunlight to avoid seed stunted growth.
2. Seed Selection for Beans Farming
Avoid planting bad seeds. Select your seeds and ensure you plant the best variety. The Nigerian climate is most favorable for the cultivation of the white beans and red beans species. This is why both species are widely found across the country.
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3. Planting of Beans
Plant seeds in a row. Put 2-3 seeds in a hole, about 2 inches deep into the soil. Ensure a spacing of about 6 inches between holes. Beans would begin to sprout within 6 days of planting.
After planting, water your plant till seedlings begin to sprout. While watering, avoid water touching bean leaves to avoid stunted growth.
4. Fertilizer Application for a healthy Beans Farming
Beans do not require fertilizer in most cases, provided the soil is fertile. Therefore, only apply high nitrogen fertilizer when soil fertility is low. Apply fertilizer moderately to avoid beautiful beans flower but few bean seeds.
5. Weeding to ensure a healthy Beans farming
Removal of unwanted plants and grasses is highly essential to the growth of your beans plant.
Weeding can be done mechanically with a hoe or chemically via the use of herbicides. Be very cautious while using hoes to avoid root damage.
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6. Pests and Diseases Control
Pests and diseases reduce crop quality and yield. Therefore, it is very essential to look into this.
Beans are mostly attacked by pea and bean weevils. You can control pest attacks and diseases by spraying your crop with insecticides and as well as planting resistant varieties.
Beans are ready for harvest within 65-80 days after planting. Beans could be harvested either in a snap, shell, or dry stage. The snap stage harvest is a scenario in which, beans are harvested when they are not fully developed.
Beans harvested at this stage, are yet to develop proper flavor and texture. The shell beans are harvested when seeds become quite obvious, and the Dry beans are harvested when seeds are at full maturity.
Beans harvesting is best carried out during the dry season. Gently pull beans from vines or snap off the vine ends to harvest. After this, threshing is carried out i.e. removal of seeds from pods.
8. Marketing and Storage
Take your beans to the market or look for potential buyers to sell your produce. Also, put your beans in bags and store them in a cool dry place. Sun-dry beans from time to time to avoid insect invasion.
We hope this was helpful!