Factors That Influence Recruitment are listed and explicated herein. We hope you find the article informative and helpful for your research.
Factors That Influence Recruitment
When recruitment happens in an organisation, there are four factors that come into play as an influence on the recruitment process and in this article, we will look at them.
1. Government Regulations
Most governments all over the world have legislation the guides the labour matters. For instance, in Nigeria, the first major law was the master and servant ordinance of 1917.
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Since then, there has now been the labour ordinance, 1929, the forced labour ordinance, 1993, the labour code ordinance 1945 up till the workmen compensation Decree of 1987.
These laws regulate the relationship between the employer and the employee and also stipulates how workers may be recruited in the country.
For instance, the law sets the minimum standard of recruitment and some classes if of work for which women cannot be employed to do. All these acts as a check on the freedom of the employer to act as he likes in matters of recruitment.
2. Location of the Organisation
The location of an organisation affects its recruitment process. Organisations which are located in remote or rural areas usually have the problem of attracting the right manpower.
Many young people do not like living in such rural areas where there are not many social activities and where they feel that they may be cut off from basic civilisation.
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In the same vein, the towns and cities that lack security may equally be unattractive for job seekers, likewise the towns that have a very high cost of living.
All of these factors stated under this point contribute to why people will respond poorly to job advert placements in such areas even though these organisations may have better working experience than their counterparts in favourable locations.
3. The Labour Market
The influence of the labour market on recruitment effort is a very profound one. As long as the supply of local employees in a job category exceeds the local demand, the wages will be depressed and recruitment will be relatively easy.
But when the supply of qualified employees is limited, recruiting efforts to intensify and the wages may rise. Also, the availability of manpower locally is a major determinant of whether the organisation will rely on either internal or external recruitment.
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In the situation where the positions are highly technical and the manpower is not readily available or very expensive, the or3ganisation may not have a choice than to source from within.
If it is an organisation that has a good manpower planning system, the manpower forecast will have alerted the management on the scarcity of certain skills, thus, helping management to prepare for the replacement of such positions through training and development.
4. The Educational System
It is the educational system in a country that determines the standard or quality of manpower in that country. A country with a sound educational system, no doubts will have a sound manpower base from which organisations can recruit.
Conversely, where the educational system is not sound, the manpower available who are products of that educational system will not be very sound.
This will invariably affect the recruitment efforts of companies. In such situations, it becomes very difficult to attract the needed manpower, not in the right quantity but in the right quality.