7 Elements of Climate are provided and carefully explicated herein. And, we hope you find the article helpful and informative.
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Climate is the average weather condition of a place over a long period of time (usually 35 years). The weather of a particular place may change from time to time while climate comparatively remains constant over a long period of time.
There are a number of elements that make up climate and, in this article, we will look at them.
The heat within the air indicates how hot or cold a place is and this heat varies from latitude to latitude. The sun is the source of all heat, measured with the help of a thermometer.
It influences the real amount of water vapor that is found in the air and also the rate of condensation and evaporation. In the lower atmosphere, temperature decreases with heights.
This has to do with a number of mixed gases and has a weight of which it exerts on the surface of the earth. It changes from place to place and from time to time.
The higher one goes, the lower temperature and pressure. The temperature used for measuring pressure is called a barometer.
These particles of water droplets in the upper atmosphere are suspended in the air. As a result of the condensation of water vapor that is carried by the rising air, clouds may sometimes give precipitation.
The clouds reduce visibility and deplete solar insulation. Some of the types of clouds that exist are cirrus, cumulus, and status.
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This is the part of the solar energy that can be seen. It is very useful to plants, animals, and other things that have life in them.
It is the sunshine that determines how dry the wind is and equally helps in the process of formation of clouds which eventually leads to rainfall.
The amount of sunshine in a given place is determined by the latitude of a place as well as the slope of the land. Sunshine equally varies according to season.
This refers to water droplets from the atmosphere it often happens as a result of evaporation from water bodies e.g. lakes, rivers, oceans as well as transpiration from plants, when Condensation finally reaches the point of Saturation, the dew point is finally reached.
The amount of rainfall in a given place is measured with the aid of a rain gauge. The different types of rainfall are; convectional, orographic, and cyclonic.
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The wind is air in motion, from the high pressure to the low-pressure belts. The wind has a special mode of direction and it is equally made up of a series of dust and eddies and it is capable of carrying moisture, dust, and other pollutants. Wind naturally adapts to the condition of its immediate environment. The direction of the wind is usually measured with a wind vane while the speed of the wind is measured with an anemometer.
This is a measure of the dampness of the atmosphere dues to the presence of water in the gaseous state and it varies from place to place at different times of the day. There are only two types of humidity; absolute humidity and relative humidity and it is measured with a hygrometer.