4 Types of Capital are given in this article. We hope you find it informative and able to satisfy the demands of your research.
You must have read in our previous article what capital is and some of the characteristics of capital. In this article, we will take a look at the different types of capital that exists on earth as well as look at the importance of capital that is how and why capital needs to be in place for effective products to be done but first of all, let’s look at the different types and forms of capital.
The different types or forms of capital include the following:
1. Fixed capital
These are assets that are not used up in the course of production, they are never exhausted during the cost of production.
Fixed assets have to do with those durable assets of a business that can last for a very long time without needing a replacement.
These assets or capital do not change their form in the process of production. Examples of fixed capital are land, buildings, and tools. motor vehicles, plants, and machinery. The only things that could befall a fixed asset are probably the advent of loss, damage, or theft.
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2. Circulatory or working capital
These kinds of assets are those assets that are usually used up in the course of production. These circulatory or working capital are made up of capital goods that either change their form or are used up in the process of production.
Examples of working capital include raw materials, water, and fuel. They are capitals that are used to make production possible.
3. Current or liquid capital
The current capital is those types of capital that are needed for the day-to-day running of activities of production. They are also known because of their nature to transform from one form to another. Examples are finished goods and money.
For example, if you won a bakery, you will need cash to buy some raw materials like flour, sugar, and butter and in order to buy these things, the cash which is a start-up capital will have to transform into these items for production to take place effectively.
4. Social capital
These have to do with those forms of capital or assets that are provided by the government which facilitates production.
Examples of social capital are basic social amenities that are made available by the government such as roads, electricity, water, and telephones.
These social amenities when they are readily available, aid the process of production and when they are not made available, production is stunted.