Step to Step Guide to Start Pepper Farming

Filed in Agriculture, Business Ideas by on May 18, 2020 0 Comments

This article is aimed at bringing to your perusal the step to step procedures involved in starting a successful pepper farming from beginning to end.

Pepper is a vegetable that is widely consumed in Nigeria, and globally. Its significance to human health cannot be overemphasized.

Read Also: Step To Step Guide To Start Tomatoes Farming

Step to Step Guide to Start Pepper Farming

Pepper Farming Business – Photo Source: https://www.123rf.com

Pepper has various species but Trinidad Scorpion and Bell Pepper are most suitable for cultivation in Nigeria.
Pepper is a very rich source of vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, folate, and lots more.

Eating pepper helps improve eyesight, prevents anaemia, prevents cancerous growth, burns body calorie, and performs other functions in the human body.

Pepper demands well-drained fertile loamy soil, sunlight, and consistent water for optimal growth. Therefore, can be planted anywhere in the country.

In Nigeria, a large sum of pepper consumed is from the North, where the Irrigation system is being adapted to supply water to pepper plants consistently.

Pepper Farming is an extremely lucrative business because pepper is a cogent recipe for most cooked meals.
It is added to rice, beans, yam, stew, soup, and so many others. Growing pepper is more rewarding than you could ever imagine.

Ever considered venturing into this business?

Read Also: Step To Step Guide To Start Carrot Farming

Here is a step to step guide to start a successful pepper farming business:

1. Land preparation for pepper farming

Purchase or lease a land preferably with fertile loamy soil. Ensure your land is located in a sunny environment (avoid shades that could hinder sunlight rays).

Divide land into Nursery Bed and Main Field. Prepare the ground by clearing grasses and loosening the soil with hand trowel and hoes. Also, soil pH should be within the range of 6-7. Add compost manure to boost soil fertility.

Avoid using nitrogen concentrated fertilizer on your farmland as this could make your crop more susceptible to pests and diseases.  Treat soil with insecticides and fungicides to prevent pest and diseases attack on your crop.

Read Also: Step To Step Guide To Start Maize Farming

2. Seed Selection and Hardening for pepper farming

As earlier stated, pepper varies in species. They include; freshno chilies, cascabel, poblano, Trinidad scorpion, bell pepper, cayenne, and lots more.

Of all these species, Trinidad scorpion and bell pepper are most suitable for cultivation in Nigeria. They are mostly found across Nigeria. Before planting your pepper seeds, harden them by gradually exposing them to outdoor conditions.

This process is aimed at making seeds adaptive to nature (environment), thereby increasing their productivity. In the daytime, set seeds in a sheltered environment outdoor for about 7days.

3. Plant Seeds in Nursery Bed for a proper pepper farming

Spread your pepper seeds on the soil. Soil should be covered with dry grasses to prevent soil loss of moisture and seeds being eaten by birds.

Pepper love warmth. Therefore, should be planted in mid-day when the soil is quite warm to reduce seed tension.

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4. Transplanting

Transplanting is carried out at about 6 weeks of seed growth on nursery beds. At this point, you transfer seedlings to the main field you have prepared.

Transplanting of pepper seedlings should be done the same day they are uprooted from the nursery bed to prevent dehydration.

Pepper seedlings are very fragile and tender. Therefore, should be handled with care. Open the soil with a small knife or cutlass, insert the seedling about 2 inches deep into the hole and cover with soil.

Ensure a proper spacing of about 15 to 20 inches apart. Stake taller pepper seedlings to avoid stems breaking, due to strong winds or heavy fruit load.

Water your pepper plant consistently, at least weekly. During extreme heat and drought, water them more to ensure a healthy pepper farming and boost growth. Also, add compost to boost pepper growth.

5. Weed Control and Mulching ensures a healthy pepper farming

Weeding is carried out after 8 weeks of transplant. It is essential to weed in order to prevent unhealthy competition of unwanted grasses with pepper plants for soil nutrients, space, water, and lots more.

Mulching (covering of topsoil) should be carried out when the soil is warm. It will help reduce weed growth, conserve soil nutrients, and keep the soil warm for optimal growth of pepper.

6. Harvesting

Pepper is harvested maturely and immaturely. However, mature pepper has better taste and flavor compared to the immature ones. To harvest the peppers, do not pull them off by hand. Cut them off with hand pruners and store them in a basket.

Read Also: 7 Step to Step Guide on How to Start Cucumber Farming Business

7. Marketing

Pepper is widely consumed in Nigeria. Therefore, locating buyers isn’t a challenge. Pepper is a perishable product.
This is why, it is advisable to look for potential buyers/markets before harvesting, so as not to run into a loss or reduce the quality of your product owing to late patronage.

We hope this was helpful!

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I am Wisdom Enang; a Writer, Editor, and Publisher. To do businesses with us, reach us on our email or connect with me personally by clicking on Facebook.

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