7 Principles of Insurance

7 Principles of Insurance are listed and each is elaborately discussed in this article for your perusal. You will find it informative.

Principles of insurance with example

7 Principles of Insurance
7 Principles of Insurance – Photo Source: https://www.successtonicsblog.com

The 7 Principles of Insurance are open for the clarification and understanding of the client. These principles are structured to help the client understand the policies of insurance and also for adequate evaluation.

Read Also: 5 Functions of Nigeria Deposit Insurance Corporation

The 7 principles of insurance include utmost good faith, insurable interest, proximate cause, indemnity, subrogation, contribution, and loss minimization.

1. The Principle of Utmost Good Faith

This principle states that the insured (policyholder) and the insurer (the enterprise) must act in good faith to one other if and only if these two parties are involved in an insurance contract.

In this case, the principle further explains that the insurer and the insured must give well-defined and brief information regarding the terms and conditions of the contract before creating a conclusion for the business.

If the insurance company gives any misguiding information or fabricated information, then the company is liable for the loss of the client.

2. The Principle of Insurable Interest

Insurable interest simply signifies that the subject matter of the contract must give a certain percentage of monetary profit for the interest of the client by existing for the insured and should account for any further loss especially when the client’s property is spoiled, abolished, or taken.

The insured must have an insurable profit in the item under consideration in the insurance contract. As such, the owner of the item can be said to have an insurable interest but in mere cases where there is a change of ownership, the contract can be terminated or renewed.

Read Also: How To Save Money Through Insurance Company

3. The Principle of Indemnity

Indemnity is an assurance to reestablish the insured to the state he or she was afore or earlier than the indeterminate incident occurred.

The insurer (provider) compensates the insured by paying a certain amount to recompense for the damages that caused a loss for the insured.

The insurance company can also assure to reimburse the policyholder for the value of the loss up to the amount decided or settled upon as previously stated in the contract. This principle is very vital as it makes the client feel more secure and dependable on the insurance contract.

4. The Principle of Contribution

Contribution ascertains an effect or a consequence with all the insurance contracts concerned in an incident or with the same item.

The principle of contribution states that the insured has the right to declare ownership or seek compensation to the degree of his or her initial loss from all the insurance contracts provided the damage has been confirmed and seen to be true by the insurance company.

Read Also: Top 20 Insurance Companies in Nigeria

This is acceptable and vital in the principle of contribution as it accepts all comparative acceptability for all insurance coverage on the same item.

5. The Principle of Subrogation

This principle states that an insurance company can only gain from subrogation by successfully backing the cash or the amount of money paid to the client or the policyholder including the costs of developing other damages.

For instance, if the client encounters danger from a third party and the insurance company makes the payment for that said damage or after the insurance company had made compensation for the damages.

The principle allows an insurance company to file a lawsuit with a nonchalant third party. When the case is considered successful, the third party pays the insurance company for any incurred cost.

6. The Principle of Proximate Cause

This principle explains that the damage to insured property can be triggered by more than one incident even in series to another. This principle demands that the client will need to be extremely careful in the selection of insurance coverage.

Read Also: Top 10 Health Insurance Companies in Nigeria

There are cases that a client was involved in an incident or had damaged property. The client may think that the insurance will cover that loss but may be surprised that the insurance coverage does not extend to that item in question.

7. The Principle of Loss Minimization

This principle states that it is the insured’s responsibility to incur, protect the client, and issue suitable insurance coverage to reduce the loss on the insured property.

In other words, this principle makes the client understand that not so much responsibility is conferred upon the insured to an extent of taking all necessary measures likely to minimize the loss on the property.


Read Also: 15 Best Ways to Invest Your Money in Nigeria

In any insurance policy, the client has to be extremely careful in the selection of the insurance coverage that suits the stated item and as well understand the principle backing that coverage.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You May Also Like