Causes and Cure for Hepatitis B will be discussed in this article. This will help you to care for your health against Hepatitis B.
With reference to the goals of WHO, several strategies were set to guide against Hepatitis B with the following frameworks:
- Reduction of transmission agents that cause Hepatitis B
- Reduction in both morbidity and mortality rate
- Reduction in the socio-economic impact of Hepatitis B especially in urban communities.
WHO has marked 28 July as World Hepatitis Day for this infected to be aware of the causes and cure through several information platforms such as materials, news updates, and even on social media.
This framework can be achieved by addressing the cause and cure of Hepatitis B especially in places where the virus occurs at an increasing rate across the world.
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Causes and Cure for Hepatitis B
HEPATITIS B is popularly known as HBV which is caused by the HBV virus. Research shows that over 1.98 million people are infected with HBV infection which is mainly caused by close person-to-person contact with an infected person, sexual contact with an infected person, Ingestion of contaminated food or drinks, Contact with infectious blood, semen, and other body fluids, Sharing of contaminated needles, syringes, or other injection drug equipment, etc.
There is a very high risk of developing severe chronic Hepatitis B which affects the liver mostly and can be transmitted easily from one infected person to another.
The cure for Hepatitis B is primarily the HBV vaccine. A safe vaccination approved by WHO has been officially recommended by the World Health Organization.
According to the data of WHO, between 2009 and 2010, 93% of WHO Member States included the HBV vaccine in their infant immunization programs and more than 70% of infants received 3 doses of this vaccine, which provides them with lifelong protection from HBV and over 179 countries have introduced the HBV vaccine.
This intervention has prevented over 1500000 deaths of infected persons. A vaccine can be issued to Infants at birth to prevent Hepatitis B.
Children who have not previously been vaccinated can be vaccinated for prevention. Susceptible sex partners of infected persons, Persons with multiple sex partners, persons seeking evaluation or treatment for an STD, men who have sex with men, injection drug users, susceptible household contacts of infected persons, Healthcare and public safety workers exposed to blood on the job, Persons with chronic liver disease, including HCV-infected persons with chronic liver disease, Persons with HIV infection, can also be vaccinated.
Apart from the approved vaccine, other supportive and herbal treatments have not been fully or officially proven to meet the health standard of WHO in line with their vision and said goals.
Recently, it has been developed that some infected persons used antiviral medications for the treatment of Hepatitis B which still offers to cure.
Currently, three antiretroviral (TDF, 3TC, FTC) are effective for the treatment of HBV, so infected patients can take fewer drugs to treat the two diseases.
Statistics show that about 37% of the world’s population does not have access to improved sanitation, and 10.6% do not have access to clean drinking water.
It is quite challenging that millions of people who are chronically infected with this virus are not even aware due to a lack of adequate information from peculated sources.
Hence, more antiviral agents should be trained and employed in areas that are medically not accessible to the vaccine to increase awareness of the public against hepatitis B.